Here you will find all our World War Two German Insignia including cap badges, tunic eagles, shoulder boards, metal badges, collar tabs, Iron crosses and combat awards. Since the resulting combination was wider, generals' boards were plaited in four 'loops' rather than five. Several German armies and national contingents, including Prussia and Bavaria, traditionally used two different captain ranks that originated with the ownership of units. It inherited the various traditions and military ranks of its constituent states. These were classified by the minimum educational requirement, and ranged from Einfacher Dienst (Basic Services), for which a grade-school education was sufficient, through Mitteler (Middle) and Gehobener (Elevated) Dienst, to Höherer Dienst (Higher Services) which required a university degree. Each patch consisted of the padding, and two parallel facings (German: Patten), the so-called Litzenspiegel, symbolising the double braid of the 19th century. The German Army (German: Deutsches Heer) is the land component of the armed forces of Germany.The present-day German Army was founded in 1955 as part of the newly formed West German Bundeswehr together with the Marine (German Navy) and the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). Once the war began, dull grey aluminum braid appeared, but bright aluminum continued in use. On field – and service uniforms, beginning in late 1935, the collar patch was dark bottle-green to match the collar; the Waffenfarbe "showed through" (in fact colored cord was sewn into) the center strip of each braid, the Litzenspiegel. However, by the 1890s, the top ranks were opened to highly talented commoners.[7][8]. The comparative ranks of Nazi Germany contrasts the ranks of the Wehrmacht to a number of national-socialist organisations in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 in a synoptic table. Before the war, shoulder-buttons were embossed with the number of the wearer's company as well, this practice was discontinued "for the duration.". The rank insignia worn by German officers followed a simple pattern. Responsibility for personnel, equipment and mission grows with each advancement. Note 4) The term, Wehrmacht literally means, Armed Forces and covered all branches of the German Armed Forces such as: Heer, (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy) and Luftwaffe (Air Force). For enlisted men, service collar patches were machine-woven in silver-grey rayon; COs' were embroidered more elaborately in white silk or aluminium thread, and were somewhat larger to match their higher collars. It holds a PwrIndx* rating of 0.2186 (0.0000 considered 'perfect'). Leftover from the Imperial times, was never awarded. While most officers in the front lines wore the enlisted field uniform as per wartime regulations, many opted to have their green-and-silver collar patches added instead of (or on top of) the factory versions. The Reichsheer's shoulder-straps were very similar to those of World War I, made of feldgrau uniform cloth with pointed or "gable" button ends. There was no direct equivalent in the English-speaking world; perhaps the closest examples of the time would be the British Royal Navy's and United States Navy's ranks of Warrant Officer. They ranked from Hauptmann im Generalstab (captain) through Oberst i.G. [8], The tassels are shown below, where Arabic numerals refer to the company/battery/squadron:[9], Hauptfeldwebel/Hauptwachtmeister: Hauptfeldwebel was not a rank but an appointment: the administrative and mustering NCO of a company and the commander's logistical assistant. General officer-equivalents wore green patches with generals' arabesques, similarly bordered. OR-1. In addition to the career Beamten, wartime needs led to the creation of "Officials for the duration of the war," or Beamter auf Kriegsdauer. The underlay was scarlet, except (from 1944) for generals of staff corps, who were instructed to wear Waffenfarbe instead. The backing patch was large and piped on three sides like that worn by career Beamten, but was light grey edged in green. Chaplains wore no epaulettes, a cross on the front of the cap, and a cross (Protestant) or crucifix (Catholic) around the neck. Additionally, some units would wear honorary tassels of Russian red leather, to indicate their relation to the 1st Regiment of (Prussian) Grenadier Guards. Generals' shoulder boards were constructed similarly to those of field-grade officers, but comprised a length of silver Russia braid between two braided cords of gold bullion or Celleon. In all three branches of the German armed forces there are three career paths: officers (Offiziere), NCOs (Unteroffiziere, non-commissioned officers) and enlisted soldiers (Mannschaften). Private. They did wear uniforms of officers. Army rank insignia. Accordingly, new universal collar patches were introduced with the Litzenspiegel and Mittelstreifen[further explanation needed] woven in dark green to match the backing patch, and which could be applied at the factory; Waffenfarbe was now displayed on the shoulder-straps, which simply buttoned on and were easily switched. German military mulls bringing in feminine form for army ranks This article is more than 2 months old Under current system a female captain, for example, is … With the tropical uniform and its belt of cotton webbing, officers wore a buckle identical to the dress buckle but painted olive-drab. Panzertruppen were issued standard uniforms for service-dress and walking out but rarely wore them, much preferring their unique jackets. The Imperial German Navy's rank and rating system combined that of Prussia's with the navies of other northern states. These were the higher administrative officers (Intendanten) in ranks from captain to lieutenant general; the lower administrative officers (Zahlmeister) in the ranks of first and second lieutenant, and the judge advocates (Richter) in ranks from captain to lieutenant general. In the Wehrmacht Heer, upon retirement, certain senior German generals were awarded the honorary post of Chef (Chief) of a regiment, much like the Honorary Colonel in the British Army. Senior non-commissioned specialist officers, Ranks at the Private/Senior Private levels, "Gold bullion" in this context does not (usually) refer to actual gold, but to gold-colored wire, typically a bronze alloy, The German Army of Imperial times comprised in wartime the armies of the Kingdoms of Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria and Württemberg under the Prussian General Staff (. Tropical NCO collar Tressen were copper-brown, or sometimes olive drab. In April 1941, Generalfeldmarschall epaulettes were changed to incorporate a central gold cord instead of silver.[5]. Schulterklappen were not worn with the fatigue uniform, nor with camouflage smocks and parkas which used an alternate system of rank insignia. These arabesque collar patches are still worn today by general officers of the present-day Bundeswehr.[3]. The de­sign adopted, in sil­ver fo… NCOs (German: Unteroffiziere) wore standard enlisted collar patches but were distinguished by a strip of 9mm silver-grey diamond-woven rayon braid (Unteroffoziers-Tressen, NCO-Tressen), sewn around the collar, except on the dress, where the NCO-Tresse was bright aluminum. There were few alterations and adjustments made as the army grew from a limited peacetime defense force of 100,000 men to a war-fighting force of several million men. The device was a rectangle pointed at the upper end with braid down the center, much like a British general's gorget patch, the colors indicating the degree of the Beamter's service: grey with green braid for basic services, silver with green braid for middle and elevated services, and gold on gold for higher services. German WW2 Insignia Please find below our range of quality WW2 German Insignia and Badges for Army, Luftwaffe, Waffen SS and Kreigsmarine uniforms for sale. When the Panzertruppe were established in 1935 they were issued a distinctive black uniform and as a badge the Totenkopf or Death's-head, versions of which had formerly been worn by the Imperial tank corps and various cavalry units. There were few alterations and adjustments made as the army grew from a limited peacetime defense force of 100,000 men to a war-fighting force of several million men. This distinction was never removed throughout their military service nor during any rank grade advancements. Army Specialist (E-4) Specialist (SPC) is considered one of the junior enlisted ranks in the U.S. Army. Opening: Monday to Friday, 11h to 14h and 17h to 20h Item Number: 46638. He was therefore roughly analogous to a Company Sergeant-Major or First Sergeant, although his duties did not usually involve combat leadership. [7], First introduced in the Prussian army in 1808, the coloured sidearm tassels were used as a decorative piece of equipment and to differentiate between companies within a regiment. These skulls took the form of white-metal pins attached to black Kragenpatten which were edged in Waffenfarbe piping. The design of the rank insignias followed the tradition of the German Army (Heer) with some modifications.For example, the cuff titles (chevron insignias) of the Gefreiter were replaced by Soviet-styled shoulder straps with cross-stripes.. Design. Details, conditions, and prerequisites for SS-Candidates, aspirant or volunteers for full membership to the Allgemeine SS are described in the main articles SS-Bewerber and … Military Rank and Insignia – Enlisted Ranks. The shoulder boards and shoulder straps of retired soldiers had a bridle 1.5 cm wide attached under the middle. This may refer to the sergeant of a flintlock-era company having carried a. Farriers, blacksmiths specializing in the shoeing and care of horses, were a very important component of the WWII German army, 70–80% of which depended on horse-drawn transport. All were, before 1939, graduates of the Military Academy, the Kriegsakademie. The military ranks of the German Empire were the ranks used by the military of the German Empire. From mid-war an automatic promotion for acting platoon leaders with 4 months of combat experience. Officials of the Higher Services wore unique Kragenpatten with alt-Preussische Litzen in gold like Offiziere des Generalstabs, but on dark green with, again, Nebenfarbe piping. Critics long believed that the Army's officer corps was heavily dominated by Junker aristocrats, so that commoners were shunted into low-prestige branches, such as the heavy artillery or supply. U.S. PAY SCALE. Colonels-in-chief wearing that uniform wore gold generals' shoulder boards underlaid with the Waffenfarbe of the regiment rather than scarlet; GFM von Rundstedt sometimes simply pinned his crossed batons to an infantry colonel's epaulettes. Der Spieß[i] or die Kompanie-Mutter, as he was called, was not necessarily the ranking Unteroffizier in the company, especially since typically two of the platoons were commanded by senior NCOs rather than officers. These were made up of bars & oak leaves and were introduced by the late summer of 1942. There were also versions for other uniforms: both white and grey variants on black for the Panzer uniform, and in dull grey-blue on tan backing for the tropical (Afrikakorps) uniform. Certain services had insignia of their own: for example the Feldpost ("Field Post Office") wore shoulder boards with gold rather than green elements and the initials FP; and musical officials wore silver-and-red shoulder boards with a lyre insignia. Officers' field and service buckles were of a two-pronged frame type. The German Army used a very large assortment of Latin initials, Gothic initials, script ciphers, Arabic numerals, Roman numerals and symbols to designate all its various service branches and installations. World War I caps had carried dual cockades or roundels, one in Imperial black-white-red and one in the colors of the particular State within the Empire. In the higher echelons, the intelligence and training staff sections were most of the time in the personal charge of General Staff Corps officers. The German Army divided officers billets into eight groups, depending on the function to be carried out. Gefreiter. Nonetheless, Beamter a. K. wore entirely distinct collar patches. Comparison of ranks German Army - US Army. While the Faustriemen was worn by cavalry and rifle troops. This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 10:57. It was a German custom dating from the late 18th century. Kriegsmarine EM/NCO Overseas Cap Eagle $ 35.00. Officers in each class wore diamond shaped stars, also called "pips", to indicate rank, the junior rank in each class had no pips. [1] The design adopted, in silver for the Reichsheer (army) and in gold for the Reichsmarine (navy), was a stylized eagle with outstretched, beveled wings clutching a wreathed mobile swastika, later to be called the Wehrmachtsadler ("armed forces eagle").[a]. [2] In some cases GFM did not bother to replace their generals' tabs, or did so only on their dress uniforms. Generalstaboffiziere were officers carefully selected and trained to represent the German General Staff Corps in both command and staff functions. The new dress uniform for I.R. When the Reichsheer was established in 1921 as Germany's first national army[c] Litzen were prescribed as the universal collar device for all personnel other than generals, and the Third Reich continued the practice. These men wore shoulder boards braided in a unique pattern, orange-red and silver on black underlay with Gothic "Fp" for fortress engineers,[k] and gold-yellow and silver on carmine with a horseshoe device for farriers.[l]. These men had needed skills but either did not possess all the qualifications to become full-fledged Beamten, or were effectively drafted from civilian jobs. The military ranks of the German Empire were the ranks used by the military of the German Empire. The Reichswehr's visual acknowledgement of the new National Socialist reality came on 17 February 1934, when the Commander-in-Chief, Werner von Blomberg, ordered the Nazi Party eagle-and-swastika, now Germany's National Emblem, to be worn on uniform blouses and headgear effective 1 May. Officials in administrative, legal, and technical service positions are a category peculiar to the German Armed Forces. Mounting loops or - straps (in de: Aufziehschlaufen): Shoulder strap rank insignias. Restricted to career volunteers; automatic after 12 years of service. Senior NCO's (Unteroffiziere mit Portepee) added one to three pips; in addition, their unit identifiers took the form of white-metal pins rather than embroidery. On division staffs they held the position of Ia (operational chief of staff) or Ib (chief of the rear echelon). They consist of civil service personnel performing functions within the Armed Forces and are recruited, in part, from former professional non-commissioned officers who became military candidates for civil service (German: Militäranwärter) at the end of their 12-year contractual period of active military service. Hitler appointed first Generaloberst Hans von Seeckt, ancient Chef der Heeresleitung, to be Chef of the 67th Infantry Regiment on his 70th birthday in April 1936, a few months before he died. In contrast, officers' service uniform collar patches never changed. [7][6] The ranks were used by the army and the Waffen-SS. [6], When wearing uniforms without epaulettes, such as smocks, parkas and mountain windbreakers; generals, officers and NCOs instead wore sleeve rank insignia. Service members in pay grades E-1 through E-3 are usually either in some kind of training status or on their initial assignment. 2. Heeresbeamten wore distinctive collar patches; these tabs indicated not the official's rank or title, but rather the "grade" of the service in which the official was employed. Generals' were the same but gilt or gold-plated. A major exception to the wearing of Litzen was the "panzer wrap" (German: Panzerjacke), the double-breasted jacket worn by crews of tanks and other armored vehicles. Until 1938 the underlay was of the same outer dimensions as the braid, and only visible edge-on; in that year the underlay was made wider, so as to create the impression of edge piping like the enlisted shoulder-strap. Up to 1944, none of these officials were classified as soldiers; in that year certain groups were converted into officers in the Special Troop Service (Truppensonderdienst or TSD). Military rank insignia of the German Empire, Ulrich Trumpener, "Junkers and Others: The Rise of Commoners in the Prussian Army, 1871–1914,", Dennis E. Showalter, "The Political Soldiers of Bismarck's Germany: Myths and Realities,", Allgemeine Encyclopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Military_ranks_of_the_German_Empire&oldid=981263901, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Long-Term Volunteer Enlistee "Capitulant" (, This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 08:08. On olive tropical uniforms the collar patches were tan with dull grey-blue Litzenspiegel for all personnel; officers again sometimes added their green collar patches. Officially both colours of panzer wrap were working and field uniforms to be worn only in or around the vehicle; this regulation was universally ignored. Officers are subdivided into Lieutenants (Leutnante), Captains (Hauptleute), Staff Officers (Stabsoffiziere) and Admirals (Admiräle) or Generals (Generäle). By the middle of World War I these ornate collars had been reduced to an embroidered representation of short lengths of braid joined at the ends, sewn to patches worn at the front of the collar. An NCO wore both, collar patches, and the collar encircling braid. The officials had titles, not ranks: Intendant, Direktor, Rat, Vorsteher, Inspektor, Meister, Assistent. Depending on the unit and the date either the black or grey wrap or the standard Feldbluse might be authorized, and on the grey "assault gun" jacket the regulation collar patches could be black with skulls, or grey with skulls, Litzen, or no device at all. There were three different types of braided Achselstücke (Shoulder Boards), one type for generals, another for field officers, and a third type for company officers. In December 1934 the material was changed to grey badge-cloth (Abzeichentuch) and in September 1935 changed again to dark bottle-green (flaschengrün). Stabsfeldwebel shoulder board (additional with two silver strips), worn with officer's uniform, Officer candidate in advanced training with the Field Army, Flag-Squire Under-officer/Flag-Squire Senior Ranger, Cadet beginning Officer Candidate School or specialist academy, Cadet completing Officer Candidate School or specialist academy. Field Marshals wore the same Arabesken as generals until April 1941, when they were authorized a longer variant with three rather than two iterations of the repeating pattern, for a total of six "prongs". During the winter of 1938, certain rank were issued insignia to the wear with the denim uniform (German: Drillichrock). Shoulder-straps were made in both a standard width (4.5 cm, 1¾") and a wider one for three-digit unit numbers (5.3 cm, 2"), and in three lengths depending on the size of the man. The insignia for a Hauptfeldwebel was a pair of NCO Tressen encircling each lower sleeve, nicknamed "piston rings;" he also carried a leather Meldetasche or report-case tucked into his tunic front. [b] The backing was "badge-cloth" (Abzeichentuch), a close-woven velvetish fabric; this was originally Reichsheer grey, but in late 1935 the renamed Wehrmacht Heer changed its Abzeichentuch color to a dark blue-green called flaschengrün (bottle-green). The Heer as the German army and part of the Wehrmacht inherited its uniforms and rank structure from the Reichsheer of the Weimar Republic (1921–1935). The rank insignia of the federal armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany indicate rank and branch of service in the German Army (Heer), German Air Force (Luftwaffe), or the German Navy (Marine).. Beginning in January 1940, shoulder-straps with unit insignia were (supposed to be) phased out as a security measure, and removable fabric loops with devices were issued instead. The backing also showed through in the space between the two parallel facings of the collar patch, and formed so a colour center stripe. Sonderführer (short: Sdf; or Sf – in the meaning of specialist leader (literal: special leader) – introduced to the Wehrmacht in the year 1937,[19][page needed] wore the standard military uniform but their collars and cap bands were blue-grey rather than Army green, with unique shoulder and collar insignia. Recruit. [8] Unteroffiziere mit Portepee would wear tassels independently of their company relations. OR-2. The General Staff Officers had their own distinctive Litzen called alt-Preußische (old Prussian), or Kolbenstickerei ("lobe-embroidery"). In 1938, simultaneous with the removal of Waffenfarbe from field-uniform collar patches, new shoulder-straps were issued. Military rank is more than just who salutes whom. The Reichswehr's visual acknowledgement of the new National Socialist reality came on 17 February 1934, when the Defense Ministry ordered the Nazi Party eagle-and-swastika, now Germany's National Emblem, to be worn on uniform blouses and headgear effective 1 May. This pattern would be used through the end of the war, although in 1940 manufacture reverted to field-grey uniform cloth, and as usual alternate versions were made to go with the Panzer uniform (black), tropical uniform (olive cotton) and HBT summer uniform (reed-green twill). The rank was commonly trusted with positions in food provision supply and, Originally only upon completion of NCO school; later also an automatic promotion for acting squad leaders with 4 months of combat experience. An Unteroffizier's (corporal's) epaulette was edged with Tresse on three sides and an Unterfeldwebel's (sergeant's) on all four. These "first pattern" shoulder-straps were not edged in Waffenfarbe piping. Basically, the different types of rank insignias might be distinguished as follows: 1. Nazi organisations used a hierarchical structure, according to the so-called Führerprinzip (leader principle), and were oriented in line with the rank order system of the Wehrmacht. These "second pattern" straps had round rather than pointed ends, and were edged on three sides with wool (later rayon) piping in Waffenfarbe. The Reichsheer was renamed Wehrmacht Heer in May 1935. For enlisted uniforms it was jacquard-woven ("BeVo") or sometimes machine-embroidered in silver-grey rayon, for officers machine- or hand-embroidered in white silk or bright aluminum wire, and for generals hand-embroidered in gold bullion. A far cry from its fighting days of World War 2, the German Army nonetheless remains a power in Europe today. In the field chaplains wore a Red Cross armband with purple borders. Item Number: 46803. In two specialist career paths it was possible to attain rank above Stabsfeldwebel: fortifications engineers (Festungspioniere) and farriers (Hufbeschlagschmieder). These ranks were, in effect, dead end paygrades for passed-over soldiers, There is confusion in the published sources; see discussion, Title used by the cavalry, artillery and transport troops, "The spear." [j] They were actual NCOs with command authority, not Heeresbeamten (uniformed Army civil servants). Equivalent Army Ranks Print Details Army Structures 07 August 2008 Hits: 214431 The following is a table of equivalent ranks between the German Army, British Army and Waffen SS - some ranks do not have a direct equivalent - American ranks … This is a complex subject as each branch had its own titles. WWII German Army General Collar Tabs Set Removed From a Uniform $ 1,250.00. There was in addition an extra-large size for the overcoat (Mantel). 1. Rank was indicated by zero to two gilt-metal pips; unit designators were also of gilt metal. The US Army equivalent ranks indicated here can therefor only be an indication of the hierarchy. Title. They, however, wore a specific uniform distinction (twisted wool piping along their shoulder epaulette edging for Einjährig-Freiwilliger, the Kapitulant a narrow band across their lower shoulder epaulette) in the colours of their respective nation state. With dress uniform officers wore a belt of silver braid with a circular silver-washed or -plated aluminum buckle, in the form of an oakleaf wreath surrounding a Heeresadler. From 1900 and on Prussian generals had worn ornate collar patches embroidered in a style called alt-Larisch, which had first been worn in the 18th century by the 26th (älterer von Larisch) Infantry Regiment [de]; the Reichsheer and the Wehrmacht continued the tradition. Although shown to the press, this new uniform was not provided to the unit due to the outbreak of World War II and was placed in depot storage. General Staff officers assigned to the supreme headquarters (the Reichskriegsministerium, later the OKH and the OKW), the Kriegsakademie, and military attaches were further distinguished by having their Litzen in gold rather than silver. Soldat. When hostilities began in 1939, on the enlisted Feldbluse or field blouse the eagle was changed from silver-white to matte grey for reduced visibility; and in 1940 backings began to be produced in field-grey (feldgrau). Before June 1944 their Waffenfarbe was bright red. They are regulated by the "presidential order on rank designation and military uniform". Second sleeve insignia indicates 6 years of service. On tunics this took the form of a cloth patch about 9 cm (3⅝") wide worn on the right breast, above the pocket. Using the normal military grading structure equates a Sturmbann to a Battalion and thus a Sturmbannführer to a Major. These Generalstaboffiziere were called "des Generalstabs", Oberst d.G., etc. While the modern German army prefers to distance itself from the World War II era, it still retains certain uniform accessories from that era and before. Non-commissioned officers wore their rank insignia on their shoulder-straps, consisting of braid and pips (pyramidal "stars"). Officials of the Wehrmacht who worked in Military Supreme Courts wore shoulder straps without the "HV" and had the secondary colour of Bordeaux red (Bordorot). In North Africa, AFV crews wore the same tropical uniform as the other branches, including collar patches; many tankers however pinned their Totenkopf badges to their lapels. 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