Hsuan Tsang was also a great scholar. The Life of Hsuan-tsang; 2. Besides translating Buddhist texts and dictating the Da tang xi yu ji in 646, Xuanzang also translated the Dao de jing (Tao-te Ching) of Laozi (Lao-tzu) into Sanskrit and sent it to India in 647. By: Huili Material type: Text Language: English Original language: Chinese Publisher: Peking : Chinese Buddhist Association, 1959 Description: iv, 273 p. : ill., fold. He crossed deserts, mountains, rivers and spent eighteen years before his According to legend, Silabhadra (529-645), abbot of Nalanda, was considering suicide after years of wasting illness when he received instructions from deities in a dream, commanding him to endure and await the arrival of a Chinese monk in order to guarantee the preservation of the Mahayana tradition abroad. During the glorious days of Nalanda University, Hiuen Tsang came to study Buddhism and mysticism in India. According to it, the object is not at all as it seems, and thus can not be of any service to knowledge. On account of the school’s idealistic accent it is known as Weishi (Wei-shih) or Ideation Only School; yet because it is concerned with the specific character of all the dharmas, it is often called the Faxiang School as well. alaya-vijnana or storehouse consciousness, which stores and coordinates all the notions reflected in the mind. My Dashboard; Get Published; Home; Books; Search; Support. 596-664. His great-grandfather was an official serving as a prefect, his grand-father was appointed as Professor in the National College at the capital, and his father was a Confucianist of the rigid conservative type who gave up office and withdrew into seclusion to escape the political turmoil that gripped China at that time. Kasyapiya sutras, sastra and Vinaya: 17 The cause and effect occur at one and the same time.”, It is the doctrine of consciousness or mind as the basis for so-called “external” objects that gave the Cittamatra (Mind Only) tradition its name. Born as the youngest of four brothers, Hsuan Tsang accompanied his older brother Chang-tsi, who was a Buddhist monk, to a Pure Land Buddhist temple where he was ordained a monk at the age of thirteen (Beal xviii). It does not follow that entities, which we generally accept as real, can be placed in the same class. As spelled on all school signage, "Hsuan Chuang" follows the Wade-Giles phonetic standard that would equate to Pinyin Xuán Zhuǎng (but not zàng). Hsuan Tsang spent two years at the university. The excavation in the last five years have thrown new lights on structure and artefacts of that time, the officials said. Sthavira sutras, sastras and Vinaya: 14 With the approval of his Nalanda mentors, Xuanzang composed a treatise, Hui zong lun (Hui-tsüng-lun or On the Harmony of the Principles), which articulates his synthesis. The distinguishing features of the Faxiang School lie in its highlight of meditation and broadly psychological analyses. Another likely factor was the harsh criticism of Faxiang by members of the Huayan (Hua-yen) School. Hsuan Tsang was born in Ho-nan province around the year 600 CE. The narrative of Hsuan-tsang 's travels resumes with a record of his journey southwards to the Andhra country. How do you say Hsuan-Tsang? He described Harsha as a perfect devotee of Buddha. The Yogacara School is also known for the development of other key concepts that would hold great influence not merely within their system, but within all forms of later Mahayana to come. Besides, this school argues that not all beings possess pure seeds and, therefore, not all of them are capable of attaining Buddhahood. This consciousness-oriented school of ideology was largely represented in China by the Faxiang School, called Popsang in Korea, and Hosso in Japan. It is indicative that the university (in April 2011) served meat to its students—indeed, there are no vegetarian options in the student dining hall. The Chung-hwa Fo Jian Bai Ke Quan Shu: Religious Affairs Committee of Foguangshan Buddhist Order , 1993. Hiuen Tsang Memorial is erected in the memory of the famous Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang. Comprised in this development of consciousness theory is the concept of conscious justification — phenomena that are presumably external to us can never exist but in intimate association with consciousness itself. His scholarship enabled him to participate wholeheartedly in life at Nalanda University in India, and subsequently back in China to undertake his great work of translating sacred texts from Sanskrit into Chinese. The school is in a semi-agricultural area on the outskirts of Hsinchu, next to Yuanpei University of Medical Technology and down the road from Chung Hua University. Bapat, P. V., and K. A. Nilakanta Sastri, eds. According to Thomas Watters, the total number of texts brought by Xuanzang from India to China is six hundred and fifty seven, enumerated as follows: Mahayanist sutras: 224 items Following these public successes in India, Xuanzang resolved to return to China by way of Central Asia. 602 – 664), born Chen Hui / Chen Yi (陈祎), was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveler, and translator who traveled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty. It is a story of imperial expansion as well as self- understanding and transcendence. The central concept of this school is borrowed from a statement by Vasubandhu — idam sarvam vijnaptimatrakam, “All this world is ideation only.” It strongly claims that the external world is merely a fabrication of our consciousness, that the external world does not exist, and that the internal ideation presents an appearance as if it were an outer world. Following them, the school divided into two branches, the Nyayanusarino Vijnanavadinah (Vijnanavada School of the Logical Tradition) and the Agamanusarino Vijnanavadinah (Vijnanavada School of the Scriptural Tradition), with the former sub-school postulating the standpoints of the logician Dignaga (c. AD 480-540) and his successor, Dharmakirti (c. AD 600?-680?). Hsuan Tsang was like a starving man in search of food; After some time in the Gobi Desert, he arrived in Liangzhou in modern Gansu province, the westernmost extent of the Chinese frontier at that time and the southern terminus of the Silk Road trade route connecting China with Central Asia. Such a notion is commonly referred to as “Mind Only.”. Ranvijay is delivering a speech during an event of promoting Chinese and Indian culture. He, then, proceeded to Bengal and visited South India as well, as far as Kanchi. The political thaw and economic boom of the 1980s and 1990s erased many of the obstacles facing the venture. It is … When the glory of Nalanda University was at its peak, Hieun … Hsuan-tsang left detailed accounts of his travels, and also wrote about the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and In… Hsinchu was chosen as the school's location for its proximity to the Buddhist teachers resident in north Taiwan and for its cheap land prices relative to Taipei. As Fa-hsien spurred Chinese interest in Buddhism by bringing back scriptures from its birthplace in India, Hsüan-tsang … 596-664. There are no religious requirements or restrictions (these would not be allowed by the Ministry of Education) and, except for a handful of monks and nuns, religion does not seem to be an important factor in attracting students. It was in this Temple that Xuanzang devoted the rest of his life to the translation of the Sanskrit works that he had brought back out of the wide west, assisted by a staff of more than twenty translators, all well-versed in the knowledge of Chinese, Sanskrit, and Buddhism itself. Finally comes the awareness of the objects of thought via sense perceptions and ideas. My Dashboard; Get Published; Home; Books; Search; Support. He agreed that Hinduism was more widely popular in India at that time as compared to Buddhism. In which university did hsuan tsang study Indian lad vows to be a cultural ambassador in China. 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