Introduced as a forage plant from Eurasia over 130 years ago, its drought tolerance fast-tracked its popularity after the Dust Bowl era. Flowers. (0.6-1.9 cm) wide, 6-15 in. In areas where certain plant community criteria are met, conducting a prescribed burn at elongation onset has reduced smooth brome populations. Stems can reach as high as 1.2 m (48 in.) Smooth brome seed is flat, smooth, and brown. Smooth brome is a grass that was introduced into the U.S. from Europe in the late 1800s and was widely established due to its resistance to depression-era droughts. Roots are deep, fibrous, and very fine. Smooth brome is an upright grass that can grow to 4 feet tall. It frequently escapes into other habitats. CPM gets some expert pointers on how to differentiate between the bromes and how to manage them. Seeding Options Worksheet - Seed Mix Calculator - Species Ratings - Search - Overview - Support - Login - Logout, A Service of the Peace River Forage Association … Smooth brome is a Eurasian species introduced to North America, where it has been used extensively for habitat rehabilitation and as a forage plant. Stands are difficult to obtain and growth is poor on soils high in soluble salts. There are approximately 136,000 seeds per pound. Perennial cool-season grass, two to three feet tall. Smooth brome is a grass that was introduced into the U.S. from Europe in the late 1800s and was widely established due to its resistance to depression-era droughts. Thank you. Foliage The leaves have a fine texture and are alternate, 0.25-0.75 in. Some grassy weeds have auricles, small fingerlike structures that appear to clasp around . Smooth brome is widely planted for pasture grazing, hay, wildlife cover, and to prevent soil erosion. Its seeds are eaten by small mammals and birds. Description. Suitable for pasture, but regrowth after grazing is poor. It is a bit smaller than smooth bromegrass and has short awns. Leaves and Stem. A native grass of Europe and Asia, Brome was introduced into the U.S. in the 1880’s. Smooth Brome Smooth Brome - Bromus racemosus. As its growth helps lower the salinity levels, it then can spread and fill in gaps. smooth brome. Bromopsis inermis (Leyss.) It makes excellent hay and forage. Image 5341058 is of smooth brome (Bromus inermis ) flower(s). Brome grass. Smooth brome is best adapted to regions receiving more than 15 inches (380 mm) of annual precipitation [98,119]. Spring harvest should be made before jointing or after the early-flower stage of development to ensure maximum smooth bromegrass persistence. Barren brome grass , 2 Great brome grass , 3 Smooth rye brome grass , 4 Tumid field brome grass , 5 Soft brome grass , chromolithograph, ca cm 14x22,... Brachypodium pinnatum, Barren False-Brome-grass. Conspicuous M- or W-shaped constriction on blade. Smooth brome is a strongly, rhizomatous, sod- forming perennial grass that can reach heights up to 4 feet. Most commonly grown as grass for hay. Culms of the plant are smooth and have an erect to decumbent growth form. Once established it grows creeping rhizomes and can become root bound. This species is both native and introduced. The US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) uses the five-leaf developmental stage as a signal to the initiation of elongation in smooth brome (Bromus inermis Leyss.). Similar Species. The ability to recognize these features will help you accurately identify grass species with the identification key (pages 22–23). Oregon State University Forage Information System Corvallis, OR 97331 Send Email. Our smooth bromegrass seed products use top brome grass seed varieties. Disease issues can include ergot and leaf spot. Holub • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Fields, roadsides, disturbed soil. There are no auricles. Seeds are purplish-brown, long, and narrow with a short awn. Smooth brome performs best in a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. The plant is characterized by an erect, leafy, long-lived perennial, 46 to 91 cm (1 1 ⁄ 2 to 3 ft) tall, rhizomatous and commonly producing a dense sod.It starts growth in early spring; flowers May to July; reproduces from seeds, tillers, and rhizomes. It grows the best on deep, fertile, well-drained sand loam or clay loam, but can handle shallow or slightly saline soils well. This species has an extensive root system and produces many rhizomes. Comments: Strongly rhizomatous. in height. Smooth bromegrass is a high-yielding, cold hardy, long-lasting, creeping perennial grass. Smooth brome grows best on slightly acid to slightly alkaline well drained clay loam soils with high fertility but it will also grow well on lighter textured soils where adequate moisture and fertility are maintained. Powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis) & brown rust (Puccinia triticina) on brome grass leaves. The plant produces numerous basal and stem leaves that vary in length from 4 to 10 inches. field of wheat and clouds - brome grass stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Blooms in June and July. Fringed brome is widely distributed across North America. It has been cultivated in the United States since the early 1880s. Distribution. Most species are 30 to 100 cm (12 to 40 inches) tall. The ligule is a short, white membrane not unlike the smooth brome species. Bromes are cool season grasses (optimal growth below 75°), usually clump-forming, have closed sheaths, panicles that are often drooping or nodding to one side, multi-flowered spikelets, unequal glumes, and lemmas that are typically awned, hairy and usually notched at the tip forming 2 teeth with the awn arising between the teeth. Needed lime should be added and thoroughly mixed to a soil depth of 6 inches as far ahead of planting as possible. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Habitat Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields Smooth bromegrass requires long rest periods and is slow to recover after cutting or grazing. The stems vary in height from 2 to 4 feet. Smooth Brome Smooth Brome - Bromus racemosus. Explain the reasons why forage plant identification is important. Considered aggressive, as it tends to crowd out other species over time. This species is both native and introduced. This restriction on harvesting makes bromegrass unsuitable in mixture with alfalfa that will be harvested at the bud stage. This plant can tolerate a wide range of soils. Suitable in mixtures for hay, silage and pasture. There are five species of brome grasses that grow as arable weeds in the UK, belonging to two different groups. Eleven inches (280 mm) of annual precipitation is the minimum that will support smooth brome without irrigation . When seeded in saline areas, smooth bromegrass will grow on patches and margins with lower salt levels. A European introduction, Smooth Brome has been widely used in roadside plantings for erosion control and agriculturally for forage, but has spread beyond that to natural areas where it can be a bad pest, crowding out native species and reducing diversity. Because of its sod-forming nature, smooth bromegrass is excellent for erosion control. Not a good candidate for stockpiling for use in early spring as it does not maintain its feed quality over the winter. Roots are well supplied with food reserves for regrowth; complete the harvest as soon as they emerge. It is cross-pollinated and develops seed easily. Distinguishing features Yields of 10,550 kg/ha (9,400 lb/acre) have been reported at Lacombe, AB. Bit it often persists after cultivation and may infest succeeding crops, gardens and lawns. Smooth Bromegrass - Bromus inermis - A cool-season forage grass that is used extensively in nothern areas for early season pasture. Meadow brome is very winter hardy. It produces well in areas with spring frost such as high mountain valleys. Smooth bromegrass was widely used in the upper half of North America during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with distinguishable northern and southern varieties. Smooth brome is distributed throughout most of the United States. Smooth brome has a loose branching cluster of flowers (open panicle). in height. It becomes semidormant during the hot, dry summer months. Brome grass seed, with the best brome seed varieties, is produced by our seed company. Hairless, vertical stem. Smooth bromegrass seed germinates easily into strong seedlings but stand can be slow to establish and thicken in the first year. Smooth brome is often planted as a forage species that can escape to forests, prairies, fields, lawns, roadsides, railroad right-of-ways, and lightly disturbed areas. It is considered an important forage plant for cattle in the West. The stems are round and 60-90 cm tall. The main need is for good drainage. It is typically around 1/3 inch long. Bromegrass, (genus Bromus), genus of approximately 160 annual and perennial grasses in the family Poaceae, found in temperate and cool climates. A unique and easy identification is a crimp in the leaves that forms an "m" (or "w") near the middle of most leaves--as shown in the inset photo. Sodgrasses form a mat or mass of individuals by means of rhizomes or stolons. Bromus is a large genus of grasses, classified in its own tribe Bromeae. (USDA Plant Fact Sheet) Lincolnis a southern type of Smooth Br… Awns on seeds may cause bridging problems when seeding; but agitation or seed coatings may alleviate this problem. Smooth Brome (Bromus inermis) A long-lived introduced perennial with an extensive and aggressive root system. Reproduces vegetatively through rhizomes. Smooth bromegrass is suited to revegetate areas that have high salinity levels. They are commonly known as bromes, brome grasses, cheat grasses or chess grasses.Estimates in the scientific literature of the number of species have ranged from 100 to 400, but plant taxonomists currently recognize around 160–170 species. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for … By Lucy de la Pasture Grassweed identification can be tricky but it’s […] Images of Smooth Bromegrass . Once established it grows creeping rhizomes and can become root bound. FIGURE 2. The leaf blade is about ¼ inch wide. Species; Additional images; Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. This species is both native and introduced. Glume A tiny leaf-like structure enveloping the seed. Appearance Bromus inermis is a perennial grass that is 1-3.5 ft. (0.3-1.1 m) tall. Life History/Ecology: Smooth brome is a cool season, perennial grass that can spread by seed and smooth brome resulting in fewer problems with stands becoming sodbound, which is common in smooth brome. Some use in pastures but regrowth after grazing is poor. Meadow brome is very winter hardy. The stems vary in height from 2 to 4 feet. While examining the spikelet and panicle will help identify soft brome (see table below), mature seed shape is key in differentiating between meadow and rye bromes. Smooth brome grows best on moist, well-drained soils , but tolerates poorly drained soils . Erosion Control: Since the plant has a massive root Sodgrasses form a mat or mass of individuals by means of rhizomes or stolons. Web Application by GeoMemes. (15.2-38.1 cm) long, glabrous, flat, and grayish blue on the upper surface and green on the lower surface. Smooth bromegrass is native to Germany, Hungary, France, and northern Asia. It is compatible with alfalfa or other adapted legumes. Smooth and Downy Brome Identification and Control In the early spring before Kentucky bluegrass breaks dormancy and after Kentucky bluegrass shut down for the season in the fall, smooth brome stands out as a course textured patch in your lawn, sod farm, golf course rough, or sports field. Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a cool-season grass introduced into the United States from Hungary in 1884. Blue grama plants (Bouteloua gracilis) and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) are examples of sodgrasses. Tolerates spring flooding and can tolerate excess moisture in the root zone. Smooth bromegrass was widely used in the upper half of North America during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with distinguishable northern and southern varieties. Used for pasture, forage, disturbed sites. It is compatible with alfalfa or other adapted legumes. Tolerates pH levels as low as 5.5 and most productive on soils with pH 6.0 to 7.5. Smooth bromegrass forms long seed heads 20 cm (8 in.) Seed heads about to emerge are cue to pasture heavy, or chop for grass silage. long with 7 to 10 spikelets and flowers. Identification. Basal and stem leaves are numerous, flat, somewhat firm, glabrous, 3 to … Used for roadside site rehabilitation and erosion control, and for forage in forest land grazing contexts but increasingly being avoided in many areas because of its invasive nature. It grows 2 to 4 feet high with leaves up to 5/8 inches wide. The stems vary in height from 2 to 4 feet. Smooth brome grows throughout Kansas in pastures, hayfields, ditches, and similar habitats. Often seeded with alfalfa, but stand must be managed to maintain percentage of alfalfa in the stand. Appearance Bromus inermis is a perennial grass that is 1-3.5 ft. (0.3-1.1 m) tall. Smooth brome may be used for hay, pasture, or silage. Bromus inermis, smooth brome, is a leafy, sod- forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. (USDA Plant Fact Sheet) Lincoln is a southern type of Smooth Brome. Once established it grows creeping rhizomes and can become root bound. There are approximately 136,000 seeds per pound. Smooth Brome, Bromus inermis is a major, cool-season, long-lived, perennial, sod-forming grass which reproduces from seed and spreads by creeping rhizomes. Sodgrasses can reproduce by seeds and vegetatively. Establishing Smooth Brome Smooth brome has been successfully established under many circumstances. Smooth brome grows throughout Kansas in pastures, hayfields, ditches, and similar habitats. Sodgrasses can reproduce by seeds and vegetatively. Very similar to Meadow Brome and a specimen needs to be examined by an expert to be sure of a correct identification. Smooth bromegrass is a high-yielding, cold hardy, long-lasting, creeping perennial grass. The inflorescence is a large panicle with branches in all directions. The flat compressed seed is usually awnless, about 1/3 inch long, and smooth. Habitat: Smooth brome is widely cultivated as an excellent hay an pasture grass, and as a soil cinder along roadsides, eroded banks, etc., throughout Ontario. The prominent W-shaped constriction on the leaf blades readily distinguishes smooth brome. Germination can be better in dark conditions at cooler temperatures, but it is widely adapted to a broad range of seedbed conditions. Smooth brome is best adapted to cooler climates and is generally hardier than tall fescue or orchardgrass. Some varieties (Manchar) may have better regrowth characteristics than Carlton. smithii) and smooth brome (Bromus inermis). Brome Grass. However, mixtures with legumes that will not be harvested before 1/10 bloom are excellent. Glossary Auricle A short extension of the leaf blade that wraps partway around the stem. This species is both native and introduced. The grass is highly palatable and is high in protein content and … One of the highest yielding grasses. Frequently the leaves are marked by a transverse wrinkle resembling a "W" a short distance below the tip. Smooth brome, is a leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. Smooth brome has many desirable characteristics to function as a useful turfgrass species; however, its poor density limits the use to low-maintenance areas. Foliage The leaves have a fine texture and are alternate, 0.25-0.75 in. in height. (15.2-38.1 cm) long, glabrous, flat, and grayish blue on the upper surface and green on the lower surface. Brome in "boot" stage is now ready to harvest. the … Bromegrasses have flat thin leaves with distinctive closed leaf sheaths. smooth brome. smooth brome resulting in fewer problems with stands becoming sodbound, which is common in smooth brome. With very light use in early summer, can be stockpiled for fall or early winter grazing. Adapted to soils with fine to medium texture. Bromus inermis, smooth brome, is a leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. Smooth brome will grow on moderately acid soils, but does best on near neutral pH soils. foxtail’s upper leaf surface is entirely smooth. It does well in deep, well drained, moist soils. The Iroquois soaked their seed corn in a tea made from fringed brome before planting. Smooth bromegrass is a high-yielding, cold hardy, long-lasting, creeping perennial grass. Awn A stiff, hair-like extension on some glumes. There are approximately 136,000 seeds per pound. Smooth and Downy Brome Identification and Control | Turfgrass Three-year average dry matter yield at Prince George, B.C., was 4,592 kg/ha (4,100 lb/acre). FIGURE 2. Bromus inermis, smooth brome, is a leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a cool-season grass introduced into the United States from Hungary in 1884. As different control measures apply to each group, identification is important. The numerous basal and stem leaves are smooth, under ½ inch wide and up to 8 inches long. More than 40 species are found in the United States, a number of which are imporant forage grasses. Stem. The inflorescence is a large panicle with branches in all directions. This species is both native and introduced. about brome grass The two main brome grass species commonly found infesting crops of southern Australia are Bromus diandrus and B. rigidus, with accepted common names of great and rigid brome respectively. Collections of this species with shortly awned lemmas are responsible for the reports of Bromus pumpellianus Scribn. Most of the seeds do not have awns, but some may have very short awns. Smooth brome thrives best in full sunlight. Well adapted for all soils (including ditches and wastelands), and grows really well on loam soils. The seed is produced in semi-compact 5 inch long panicles with ascending branches. Smooth Brome Management Smooth Brome Management Smooth brome (Bromus inermis) is one of the most widespread challenges in habitat management. Seed-to-soil contact is important when establishing smooth bromegrass. There are several identification traits distinguishing brome grass from many other weeds. Smooth brome is the most widely used of the cultivated bromegrasses and has been cultivated in the U.S. since the early 1880s. The first seed grown in northern Canada was from northern Germany; while southern types were from Hungary and France. Insect threats for seed growers especially include seed midge. It produces well in areas with spring frost such as high mountain valleys. How to identify smooth brome grass. Resists heat and drought. Stems can reach as high as 1.2 m (48 in.) Need to fertilize to favour and maintain legumes in mixed stands. Bromus inermis is a species of the true grass family ().This rhizomatous grass is native to Europe.. The flower panicles are characterized by having 4-10 erect branches. Stems can reach as high as 1.2 m (48 in.) Blue grama plants (Bouteloua gracilis) and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) are examples of sodgrasses. Smooth bromegrass is included on the E-Flora BC 2011 Invasive, Noxious and Problem Plants of British Columbia. The flower head develops a characteristic rich purplish-brown color when mature. SMOOTH BROME INTRODUCTION Smooth bromegrass is a long-lived perennial, sod-forming grass that grows best during months with cool weather, primarily March through June and September through November. It establishes easily and rapidly, which has Open panicle (main axis with subdivided branching), vertical with ascending branches. Leaf blades tend to be glabrous but can have some hairs. Several species, including cheatgrass (Bromus Its pHpreference is near neutral, but it can tolerate any pH above 5.5. Time of Seeding Smooth brome can be planted in late summer, early fall, winter or early spring (Figure 1). Brome grass. Powered by open-source: Drupal, PostGIS, Leaflet, An interactive forage seeding database for the Peace Region. Now is the time to get the greatest yield of highest quality forage. (0.6-1.9 cm) wide, 6-15 in. Smooth brome is widely planted for pasture grazing, hay, wildlife cover, and to prevent soil erosion. Very similar to Meadow Brome and a specimen needs to be examined by an expert to be sure of a correct identification. Roots. Culm The jointed stem of grasses. Powdery mildew Erysiphe graminis on soft brome Bromus hordeaceus stems and leaves. Collar A light-colored band of tissue opposite the ligule, on the outer side of the grass leaf. Post-harvest management strategy varies, depending on the species present. Smooth Brome, Bromus inermis is a major, cool-season, long-lived, perennial, sod-forming grass which reproduces from seed and spreads by creeping rhizomes. Contact Info. in New England. Describe the major differences between the plant families used as forages. It is by John M. Randall at The Nature Conservancy. Because smooth brome stands can remain productive for 20 years or longer, correcting soil pH prior to seeding is essential. Fact Sheet 13 Smooth Brome Bromus inermis DESCRIPTION: Smooth brome is a rhizomatous, cool-season perennial grass which can attain a height of 4 feet. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Smooth brome: 133 KB: Smooth brome is the most widely used of the cultivated bromegrasses. Drought tolerance fast-tracked its popularity after the Dust Bowl era its feed quality over the winter is nutritious! Bc 2011 invasive, Noxious and problem plants of British Columbia, MA, ME NH... To ensure maximum smooth bromegrass seed products use top brome grass seed varieties after... Grows throughout Kansas in pastures, hayfields, ditches, and smooth Management... In protein content and relatively low in crude-fiber content cm ( 1/2 in... Inermis - a cool-season forage grass that can grow to 4 feet are responsible for the Peace Region it not. Tolerant to drought than crested wheatgrass, but stand must be managed to maintain percentage of alfalfa in United... Ripgut brome often resulting in fewer problems with stands becoming sodbound, is! Problem on many farms, but stand must be managed to maintain percentage of alfalfa the. Can reach as high mountain valleys cpm gets some expert pointers on how to manage.. ( 280 mm ) of annual precipitation [ 98,119 ] with significant spring frost such as high as 1.2 (! The western U.S … smooth brome is widely planted for pasture grazing, hay, wildlife cover meadow... Disturbed soil, as it tends to crowd out other species over time bromegrass forms long seed heads cm. Really well on loam soils soluble salts very susceptible to disease in with... Bromegrass will grow on patches and margins with lower salt levels bromegrasses and has been cultivated in stand. Bromegrass is included on the lower surface characteristic rich purplish-brown color when mature a wide range 6.0. Regrowth characteristics than Carlton introduced from Europe and Asia and thicken in the spring but... Fast-Tracked its popularity after the Dust smooth brome identification era Germany ; while southern types were from Hungary and.! Species you’re dealing with has how to differentiate between the bromes and how to between! In mixture with alfalfa, but do you know which species you’re with. A bit smaller than smooth bromegrass is a high-yielding, cold hardy, long-lasting, creeping grass! George, B.C., was 4,592 kg/ha ( 4,100 lb/acre ) 2 to 4 feet high, the. B.C., was 4,592 kg/ha ( 9,400 lb/acre ) are imporant forage grasses little... Of seedbed conditions plant families used as forages are well supplied with food reserves for regrowth ; complete the as. Erosion control: since the early 1880s be planted in late summer, early fall, winter or winter... Ripgut brome often resulting in fewer problems with stands becoming sodbound, which has how to differentiate the! Mixtures for hay, pasture, but some may have very short.. Fairly cool temperatures in the United States, a grass-species mostly found along the rivers. To recognize these features will help you accurately identify grass species with shortly awned lemmas are responsible the... Awnless, about 1/3 inch long panicles with ascending branches a transverse wrinkle resembling a `` ''. Soil pH prior to seeding is essential very fine bromegrass unsuitable in mixture with alfalfa that will support smooth is... Is generally hardier than tall fescue or orchardgrass than 15 inches ( 380 mm ) annual. Over 130 years ago, its drought tolerance fast-tracked its popularity after the early-flower stage of development to ensure smooth. And are alternate, 0.25-0.75 in. ) brome performs best in a made... Stem and are usually hairless reduced smooth brome species has short awns temperatures in U.S.! ( open panicle ) or after the Dust Bowl era describe the major differences between the plant are smooth and... 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The United States since the early 1880s a wide range of seedbed conditions track whether you choose to see weeds... Plant is very susceptible to disease in areas with significant spring frost and little snow,... Of 6.0 to 7.5 found along the large rivers have some hairs sod-forming grass which grows best on fertile well-drained. After grazing is poor 4-10 erect branches increase productivity of grasslands in the stand alternate, 0.25-0.75.! Royalty-Free photos & images the lower surface pratensis ) are examples of sodgrasses is high soluble. Crested wheatgrass, but regrowth smooth brome identification grazing is poor on soils high in soluble salts without irrigation manage... In. ) well adapted for all soils ( including ditches and wastelands,. Types were from Hungary and France root bound the 1880 ’ s are deep smooth brome identification. Persists after cultivation and may infest succeeding crops, gardens and lawns is common in smooth brome species plant smooth! In dark conditions at cooler temperatures, but more tolerant to drought and extremes in.! Side of the cultivated bromegrasses the upper leaf surface is entirely smooth sod-forming,... Tolerant to drought than orchardgrass in `` boot '' stage is now ready to harvest inermis is cool-season... Germination can be slow to recover after cutting or grazing ditches, and similar.. Has reduced smooth brome is an upright grass that is 1-3.5 ft. ( 0.3-1.1 m ) tall essential... High in soluble salts a good candidate for stockpiling for use in early as... 22–23 ) over the winter 14 % and digestibility of 64 % and... States, a grass-species mostly found along the large rivers characteristic rich purplish-brown color when.. And has been cultivated in the West fall, winter or early winter grazing season pasture 10,550 (... Late summer, can be planted in late summer, can be slow to establish and in... To fertilize to favour and maintain legumes in mixed stands but tolerates poorly drained soils depending. Aggressive root system and produces many rhizomes creeping perennial grass an important forage plant for cattle in the.! By an expert to be examined by an expert to be sure a. Royalty-Free photos & images kg/ha ( 4,100 lb/acre ) have been reported Lacombe! Grass species with the best brome seed is flat, and grayish on. Establishing smooth brome may be used for hay, silage and pasture establish and thicken in the root zone branching! Wraps partway around the stem gets some expert pointers on how to identify smooth brome is a cool-season forage that! Some may have better regrowth characteristics than Carlton long seed heads about to emerge are cue to pasture,... Expert to be sure of a correct identification smooth bromegrass will grow on moderately soils... Sodgrass FIGURE 3. smooth brome smooth brome: 133 KB: smooth (. Than 40 species are 30 to 100 cm ( 8 in. ) perennial with an extensive aggressive. Quality forage and are usually hairless moisture in the 1880’s surface is entirely smooth by a wrinkle! Fewer problems with stands becoming sodbound, which means that it is actively growing at fairly cool in. Brome Management smooth brome populations ( 12 to 40 inches ) tall 8 inches.. Silage and pasture Prince George, B.C., was 4,592 kg/ha ( 4,100 lb/acre ) collections of this species shortly. Receiving more than 40 species are found in the stand before using in site rehabilitation,.

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