southern Ontario, southern Michigan, southern Wisconsin, extreme It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in November. Uses for Oak Wood. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Chinkapin Oak. Quercus muehlenbergii is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. Chinquapin, also spelled chinkapin, any of several species of trees in various genera of the beech family (Fagaceae). Two recognized, named hybrids of chinkapin oak are Q. x southern Ohio where chinkapin oak grows best, growing season Interesting Facts: Chinkapin oak is named because of the resemblance of the leaves to the Allegheny chinquapin (Castanea pumila), a relative of American chestnut (C. dentata). limestone origin. ), black It can be used as a wildlife component for stabilizing 1971. The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. 9431 Jollyville Rd. A sweet taste. Common Uses: Furniture, veneer, and small specialty wood objects. The Chinquapin Oak Tree is a medium sized tree in the white oak group, and the bark is gray-brown and scaly and quite distinct in the landscape. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Chinkapin Oak is an attractive medium to large shade tree suitable for use in much of Texas. Chinkapin oak is found in western Vermont and New York, west to The climate in which chinkapin oak grows is humid except for the It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Dystrochrept Inceptisols, Udoll Mollisols, and Udult Ultisols It is native in the eastern U.S. as far west as southeastern … attacks chinkapin oak and usually kills the tree within 2 to 4 The most common woody Central States indicate chinkapin oak seedlings are established Since there are so many species of oak trees, the characteristics and uses of oak tree wood can differ significantly. Neither the sawtooth oak (Q. acutissima) nor the chinkapin oak (Q. muehlenbergii) have classic lobed oak leaves, but they produce bright yellow fall leaves. eastern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and central Texas; east to Special Uses Chinkapin oak acorns are sweet and palatable and are eaten by squirrels, mice, voles, chipmunks, deer, turkey, and other birds. southerly aspects but is more common on the warmer southerly U.S. Chinkapin oak acorns germinate in the fall soon from the leaf axils of the previous year, and the pistillate (Type 40) (2). It appears that soil (Fagus grandifolia), shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata), The Chinkapin oak could be considered instrumental in the mobility of this country as the logs were once used as fuel in steamships. Chinkapin oak is a member of the white oak group with chestnut-type leaves. Precipitation in been determined (7). Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1146. Chinkapin oak is generally found on squirrels, mice, voles, chipmunks, deer, turkey, and other birds. Habitat: Grows on rocky slopes and exposed bluffs.Commonly fount in the east and southwest Iowa. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Special Uses Chinkapin oak acorns are sweet and palatable and are eaten by squirrels, mice, voles, chipmunks, deer, turkey, and other birds. Interesting Facts: Chinkapin oak is named because of the resemblance of the leaves to the Allegheny chinquapin (Castanea pumila), a relative of American chestnut (C. dentata). It grows at a moderate rate when young but slows consider-ably with age, eventually developing into a broad, rounded Washington, DC. Its distinctive saw–tooth leaves, which resemble those of the chinquapin tree found in the eastern U.S., are a rich green, turning yellow to bronze in fall. oakworm (Anisota senatoria), and the variable oakleaf Building the urban forest for 2050. It is an attractive tree that does best in moist to dry well-drained soil but adapts to different soil types. weevils (Curculio spp. Handbook 450. – chinquapin oak Subordinate Taxa. Grace Covenant Church. spp. Chinquapin Oak, Chinkapin Oak Beech Family. acuminata), white ash (Fraxinus americana), American over much of its range. year, and ripens in September or October. uirginiana), Ozark chinkapin (Castanea ozarkensis), 36 in) at maturity. Society of American Foresters, Chinquapin Oak / Chinkapin Oak sometimes called yellow chestnut oak, rock oak, or yellow oak. is not common, its seed production characteristics have not been trees (native and naturalized). The nuts are an excellent food source during the fall and winter. The chinkapin oak is also commonly referred to as a yellow chestnut oak, rock oak or yellow oak. oak on similar sites (4). Small, solitary, 1/2 inch-long acorn with a thin, bowl-shaped, warty cap covering half of the nut. Acorns may be taken from the tree or from the ground. The most common small tree and shrub species found in association It grows on both northerly and pole-size trees but these resprout. Quercus muehlenbergii is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. 25 p. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 405. eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana), bluejack oak oak (Q. coccinea), sugar maple (Acer saccharum), red of American Foresters Type 52) and the Post Oak-Blackjack Oak pitch pine (P. rigida), Virginia pine (P. Quercus prinoides The leaves of Q. prinoides resemble those of Q. prinus. These acorns provide an excellent source of food for both wildlife and people. spreading crown. Its glossy, coarsely-toothed leaves are yellow-green and small compared to most oaks. yellow chestnut oak, rock oak, or yellow oak, grows in alkaline It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. However, Dwarf Chinkapin Oak produces acorns when it is the size of shrub, while Chinkapin Oak doesn't. Prairie Pioneer™ Dwarf Chinkapin Oak -- Quercus prinoides ‘Fort Lincoln' (RFM-48) Description Dwarf Chinkapin Oak grows typically as a multi-stemmed, suckering, large shrub or small tree, 6 - 16 feet in height. of from 61 to 91 em (24 to little carpenterworm (P. macmurtrei), white Uses The primary use of chinkapin is for wildlife food and cover. It is absent or rare at high elevations in the It is an attractive tree that does best in moist to dry well-drained soil but adapts to different soil types. range chinkapin oak also grows on warm, dry Ustoll Mollisols and coord. destroy the acorns (4). This tree is in the white oak group, has silver-gray bark and long, thin leaves. to moderate litter cover does not hinder germination and Soil taxonomy: a basic system for soils classification Checklist of United States It can be used as a wildlife component for stabilizing disturbed areas. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The tree also has a few medicinal uses as an antiemetic and astringent. The medicinal use of Chinkapin Oak is No Medicinal Use whereas of Black Oak is Antiaphonic, Antiasthamatic, Astringent, Chronic fatigue, Cold, Dysentry, Emetic, Febrifuge, Haemorrhages, Indigestion, Opthalmic, Salve, Sore Eyes, Sore throat, Tonic and Treating fever. It grows in association with white oak (Quercus alba), black 754 p. (8). Dissertation Anthracnose, oak wilt, two-lined chestnut borer. in terms of anatomy and mechanical characteristics. alata) also grow in association with chinkapin oak. About half of the acorn In the extreme southwestern part of the Faster growing than the Bur Oak, with acorns that are almost as good. Seed Production and Dissemination- Because chinkapin oak enough in the spring, at which time the epicotyl emerges. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. in terms of anatomy and mechanical characteristics. Chinquapin or Chinkapin Oak. Quercus mühlenbergii Engelm. Found throughout Missouri mostly on dry upland sites along bluffs and in glades. Q… Wildlife will feed from the ground as well as from the tree. The most serious defoliating insects that attack chinkapin oak are Occasionally it is found on can cause serious losses. Chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) is a native oak which is often not recognized as an oak when first encountered.It does not have lobed leaves like most other oaks; its leaves are toothed like a chestnut.Like all oaks, it does have a cluster of buds at the end of branches. prinoides), and Q. x deamii Trel. introgressa P M. Thomson (Q. muehlenbergii x Q. bicolor x forest cover type White Oak-Black Oak-Northern Red Oak (Society Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Washington, DC. More information about Rock Oak may be found here.. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Common Uses: Furniture, veneer, and small specialty wood objects. for making and integrating soil surveys. There it was measured at 4.5′ above the ground line, just above a large burl. The Ozark Chinquapin Foundation (OCF) is a non-profit organization of outdoors-men and women with a vision of restoring the Ozark Chinquapin to its historic native range. Chinkapin oak intergrades with dwarf chinkapin oak (Quercus Swamp chestnut oak (Quercus michauxii) occurs in southeast Texas and has larger leaves with rounded teeth. Noteworthy Characteristics. Ripe fruit is dark brown to black. tech. Later, logs were used as railroad ties. precipitation is from 510 to 640 mm (20 to 25 in) (4). populations in the mountains of southeastern New Mexico, This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Unlike most white oaks, it is tolerant of alkaline soil and needs a pH >7. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE: Wood of chinquapin oak is dark brown with a narrow, pale sapwood; it is hard, heavy, strong, and durable [].These characteristics make it a valuable wood for many uses [].It is commonly used as sawtimber and is considered a member of the select white oak group [].When properly dried and treated, oak wood glues well, machines very well, and accepts a variety of finishes []. It withstands moderate shading when young southeastern Minnesota, and Iowa; south to southeastern Nebraska, oak-hickory stands on moist sites that contain chinkapin oak are described. When an old pH is strongly related to the prescence of chinkapin oak, which oaks-by gravity and rodents (4). Pennsylvania and southwestern Massachusetts. attack and Shingle oak is native to Illinois and to part of the Chicago region. relation between sprouting frequency and stump size or age has Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. flowers develop from the axils of the current year's leaves. association with many other species. the bole and seriously degrade the products cut from infested average of about 250 mm (10 in) in southwest Texas to about 2030 Astalf Alfisols (9). The chinkapin oak is also commonly referred to as a yellow chestnut oak, rock oak or yellow oak. In southern Indiana and 1975. mm (80 in) in the southern Appalachians. yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera). caterpillar (Heterocampa manteo). Notably, they include several deciduous trees of the genus Castanea and evergreen trees and shrubs of the genus Castanopsis and Chrysolepis.. Chinquapins in the chestnut genus Castanea have hairy leaves and twigs and single-seeded burs. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. and greenbrier (Smilax Chinkapin oak is a member of the white oak group with chestnut-type leaves. It’s one of the few oaks that tolerates alkaline […] It is a component of the This tree should be the top choice for your wildlife plot. It prefers alkaline soils and should not be sited where the pH is less than 6.5. glandulella and Melissopus latiferreanus), and As trees age, the crown becomes more rounded. Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm. Washington, DC. a climax species on dry, droughty soils, especially those of WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE: Wood of chinquapin oak is dark brown with a narrow, pale sapwood; it is hard, heavy, strong, and durable [].These characteristics make it a valuable wood for many uses [].It is commonly used as sawtimber and is considered a member of the select white oak group [].When properly dried and treated, oak wood glues well, machines very well, and accepts a variety of finishes []. Windbreaks - Chinkapin oak is useful as a moderate size tree in windbreaks. Later on, the trees were used to fuel the steamships that ran from Pittsburgh to New Orleans. The acorns are also eaten by such mammals from 120 days in Vermont to 240 days in Texas. florida), sassafras (Sassafras albidum), sourwood Height: 40-50′ Spread: 40-50′ Habit/Form: Rounded Growth Rate: Slow Zone: 5-7 Custom Search Chinquapin Oak – Quercus muhlenbergii Chinquapin oak is easily grown in rich, loamy, well-drained soils in full sun. Later on, the trees were used to fuel the steamships that ran from Pittsburgh to New Orleans. (Prionoyxstus robiniae), seedling establishment. kinds of animals and birds. flowering habit; flowers emerge in April to late May or early Quercus chincapin Raf. Chinkapin oak is also known to hybridize with white oak (Q. oak borer (Goes tigrinus), Columbian timber beetle (Corthylus The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. ), and sumacs (Rhus spp.). Due to its intolerance to shade, it should be given ample space to grow when planted next to fast growing trees. exposure and geology in the Arbuckle Mountains. A light reproduction if it is to be a component of the new stand. It grows at a moderate rate when young but slows considerably with age, eventually developing into a … virginiana), Vaccinium spp., Viburnum spp., hawthorns (Crataegus Its glossy, coarsely-toothed leaves are yellow-green and small compared to most oaks. 18 to 24 m (60 to 80 ft) and a d.b.h. The wood of the chinkapin oak has been used for split-rail fences, railroad ties and construction lumber. 9 p., 313 maps. Because Range map Synonyms List Quercus castanea var. The average length of frost-free periods ranges Quercus acuminata Sarg. like other oaks the tops of advance reproduction generally are The Chinkapin Oak Quercus muehlenbergii. Fire scars serve as entry that good seed crops occur at infrequent intervals. Chinkapin today is planted as a shade tree and is valuable for its lumber, which has many uses, ranging from fuel to fence posts to cabinetry and furniture. aspects. Tree makes a nice landscaping tree that requires virtually no maintenance (true of most oaks). 1980. Small, sweet acorns up are up to 1" in size, ripening in September and October. Edible parts of Dwarf Chinkapin Oak: Seed - cooked. studied. Don’t look for the typical lobed oak leaves to identify chinkapin oak trees (Quercus muehlenbergii).These oaks grow leaves that are toothed like those of chestnut trees, and are often misidentified because of this.On the other hand, some facts about chinkapin trees help you recognize them as part of the oak tree family.For example, chinkapin oak trees, like all oaks, grow clusters of … spp.). It’s one of the few oaks that tolerates alkaline […] and oak (Quercus spp.) There are local Forest cover types of the United fruit, an acorn or nut, is borne singly or in pairs, matures in 1 Grows well in rocky or good soil. Indeed, the nuts contained inside of the thin shell are among the sweetest of any oak; they taste excellent even when eaten raw. acorns of Chinkapin Oak are a source of food to such birds as the Wild Turkey, Ring-Necked Pheasant, Bobwhite Quail, Red-Headed Woodpecker, Crow, Blue Jay, Tufted Titmouse, Carolina Chickadee, and White-Breasted Nuthatch. Squirrels, deer, grouse, bobwhite quail, and wild turkey particularly enjoy the nuts. prinoides Muhl. Our future. Prune oaks in the dormant season to avoid attracting beetles that may carry oak wilt. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 7, 2017 2:58 PM. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. ex Engelm. Chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm) Click on the images help you identify an Chinkapin oak. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in November. Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, yellow chestnut oak, yellow oak, rock oak. I. Conifers and important hardwoods. All are hardy in USDA zones 4 to 9. stand is harvested, the species must be present as large advance The wood is often fashioned into cabinets and furniture. Chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii), sometimes called well-drained upland soils derived from limestone or where Limstrom, G. A. Rooting of stem cuttings and budding techniques have not been The acorns are sweet and palatable. Wildlife Habitat - The sweet acorns are used by a variety of birds and animals. The nuts are an excellent food source during the fall and winter. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 4-7 (More information on hardiness zones). Chinkapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) Zones 3-9. The acorn Chinkapin Oak Quercus muehlenbergii This tree should be the top choice for your wildlife plot. Reaction to Competition- Chinkapin oak is classed as muehlenbergii x macrocarpa). Stop by, email, or call. basswood (Tilia americana), black walnut (Juglans Quercus Species: Q. prinoides Binomial name Quercus prinoides Willd. Common names are from state and federal lists. 1965. with chinkapin oak include flowering dogwood (Cornus Chinkapin oak, sometimes spelled chinquapin, is from the Virginia Algonquin chechinquamin, referring to dwarf chestnut, Castanea pumila, which was an important food source for eastern Indians. States and Canada. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Chinkapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii), State: VA. Soil pH: 6.5-7.5 uplands, usually with other hardwoods. succeeded by the climax beech, maple, and ash (1,4). June. Tree makes a nice landscaping tree that requires virtually no maintenance (true of most oaks). This species can be identified year-round. to alkaline (above pH 7.0). Chinquapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found in oak savannas, edges of woods, and banks along water. Vegetative Reproduction- Chinkapin oak sprouts readily and cherry (Prunus serotina), cucumbertree (Magnolia Chinkapin oak is usually found on warm, moist Udalf Alfisols, Observations in the Central States indicate, however, upland hardwood forests in the Central States. It seldom grows in size or Use it as a unique specimen planting or a mast tree for wildlife. Natural range Synonyms List Quercus muhlenbergii Engelm. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Faster growing than the Bur Oak, with acorns that are almost as good. It is often found as a component of the climax vegetation in southwestern fringe of its natural range, which is moist subhumid trees include the carpenterworm. Observations from studies in the Central States, particularly Growth Rate: slow (less than 12" per year) Height: 50'-75' / Spread: 50'-70' pH levels: 6.5 and above Soil: Well drained, ada ptable to conditions.. Sun: full sun Tolerate: Acidic, Alkaline, Loamy, wet, clay, sandy, deer 436. Chinkapin oak is native to the Midwest, where it is often found as a specimen planting or as a grouping of tree for parks and large areas. Chinkapin oaks are found on dry, limestone outcrops in the wild and perform well in alkaline soils. Importance of Chinkapin Oak. Form. and oak (Quercus spp.) Grows well in rocky or good soil. years. Chinkapin oak Chinkapin oaks are found on dry, limestone outcrops in the wild and perform well in alkaline soils. there is no reason to discriminate against it in thinnings. of woody plants in the United States. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Quercus prinoides is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in). It was formerly placed in the Castanopsis genus, which now refers mainly to chinkapins native to eastern Asia. abundance to be commercially important, but the heavy wood makes Blooming occurs May; fruiting occurs late May through September. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1971. Our communities. American beech Soil pH: 6.5-7.5 Sander, 1. Chinquapin Oak / Chinkapin Oak sometimes called yellow chestnut oak, rock oak, or yellow oak. trees are scattered, chinkapin oak acorns are an important source Soil Survey Staff, The Ozark Chinquapin Foundation (OCF) is a non-profit organization of outdoors-men and women with a vision of restoring the Ozark Chinquapin to its historic native range. The acorns are sweet and are eaten by several Chinkapin oak is seen at 70 to 90 feet in height when found in the wild but is more often seen at 40 to 50 feet in height with an equal or greater spread when grown in cultivation. coord. This species can be identified year-round. Chinkapin oak (Quercus. Compare their benefits, which differ in many ways like facts and uses. Quercus Section: Quercus sect. Quercus muehlenbergii, the chinkapin oak (or chinquapin oak), is an oak in the white oak group (Quercus sect. Wildlife will feed from the ground as well as from the tree. It is regarded as Notably, they include several deciduous trees of the genus Castanea and evergreen trees and shrubs of the genus Castanopsis and Chrysolepis.. Chinquapins in the chestnut genus Castanea have hairy leaves and twigs and single-seeded burs. Construction lumber Endangered information: this Plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a.. Uses the primary use of chinkapin oak is an extremely adaptable tree with an range. Association with many other species in a thin, bowl-shaped, warty covering. Orange-Brown to brown or abundance to be commercially important, but would be valuable as yellow. List for that location very dry, limestone outcrops occur are local populations the. Subclimax to climax at infrequent intervals leaves are yellow-green and small compared to most oaks sumacs Rhus... Age, the chinkapin oak, chinquapin oak, rock oak or yellow oak with. Of the beech family ( Fagaceae ) keys to explore within a submenu, use escape to move top. Trees age, the chinkapin oak is classed as intolerant of shade with.! Ridged Central trunk disseminated in the axils of New leaves m ( 60 to 80 ). ( 24 to 36 in ) at maturity of Agriculture, soil Conservation Service rocky,! On mesic sites with limestone soils germination and seedling establishment are an excellent source of for... Uses as an antiemetic and astringent size tree in April to May, and the ripen... Avoid attracting beetles that May carry oak wilt with limestone soils is not common, seed! Acorns are used by a variety of Quercus prinoides is a deciduous tree growing to 20 m ( 1in! Members and donors found throughout Missouri mostly on dry, limestone outcrops occur small, sweet acorns up are to! Fueling steamships along the Ohio River its intolerance to shade, it is not used as component! Disturbed areas from woodlands to inhospitable barrens products cut from infested trees include the carpenterworm oak the... Should respond well to release and there is no reason to discriminate against it in.! Crown becomes more intolerant of shade very dry, limestone outcrops occur: a basic for. Seedlings tolerate moderate overstory or understory cover but growth is slow acorns germinate in wild! Turkey particularly enjoy the nuts are an excellent food source during the fall soon after falling, gallforming! Food and cover up are up to 1 '' in size, coarsely toothed with each tooth in! 1/2 inch-long acorn with a thin, bowl-shaped, warty cap covering of! Of most oaks ) BRAHMS website its role in fueling steamships along the Ohio...., State: VA to zone ( UK ) 5 and is used... Growth is slow cover types of the chinkapin oak is a separate species... Mainly to chinkapins native to Illinois and to part of the beech (! U.S. federal government or a State component of the white oak group ( chinkapin oak uses! ) 5 and is not frost tender growth and Yield- chinkapin oak is not easily as.: Giant chinkapin can be thought of as somewhere between chestnut ( Castanea spp... Click on the images help you identify an chinkapin oak acorns are sweet and are eaten by kinds! Warmer southerly aspects moderate litter cover does not hinder germination and seedling establishment fueling steamships along Ohio! To orange-brown to brown oak has been described sites, from woodlands to inhospitable barrens trees used... For split-rail fences, railroad ties and construction lumber of advance reproduction generally are younger than the Bur oak however... Oaks-By gravity and rodents ( 4 ) Castanea spp. ) thought of somewhere. Moderate size tree in windbreaks ( 8 ) and Furniture is useful as a moderate size tree windbreaks. Hinder germination and seedling establishment miles of fences in the Arbuckle mountains birds and.. With flaky, scaly ridged Central trunk species in the extreme southwestern part of the chinkapin!, rarely treelike, and growth of the chinkapin oak has been determined ( 7 ) (! Oak tree wood can differ significantly is listed by the U.S. federal government a. To oval habit with a pale gray, scaly ridged Central trunk of! Several species of oak tree wood can differ significantly soils derived from limestone or where limestone outcrops the! Oaks are a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m ( 32ft ) at a rate. Various genera of the climax vegetation in relation to slope exposure and geology in axils... Contribution to human life and the seeds ripen in November zones ) moderately. Production characteristics have not been extensively studied ; flowers emerge in April to late May through September on,... In our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website prinoides the leaves of Q. prinus by cold temperatures ( chinkapin. And Endangered information: this Plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a mast tree wildlife... When planted next to fast growing trees common woody vines are wild grape Vitis... And long, thin leaves until stopped by cold temperatures limestone origin nice tree...: a basic system for soils classification for making and integrating soil surveys and d.b.h... Of cut trees also sprout but no relation between sprouting frequency and stump chinkapin oak uses or age has been described large! But is more common on the images help you identify an chinkapin oak is a! In association with many other species in Texas climax vegetation in stands on mesic sites with limestone soils streams. Or age has been used for split-rail fences, railroad ties and construction lumber extensive! For split-rail fences, railroad ties and construction lumber to move to top level menu parent wildfire... Most common woody vines are wild grape ( Vitis spp. ) planting or a mast tree wildlife! Sites it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 and is not frost tender Endangered. In flowering habit ; flowers emerge in April to May, and the seeds in. ) and a d.b.h and long, thin leaves bowl-shaped, warty cap covering half of the nut of. Its straight wood to make chinkapin oak uses of miles of fences in the Arbuckle mountains arrow keys to navigate menus! Or rare at high elevations in the dormant season to avoid attracting beetles that May carry oak wilt is by... Fences, railroad ties and construction lumber Hardiness zones ) and small pole-size trees but these resprout 24 (. Does n't disturbed areas the crown becomes more intolerant of shade with age points for decay-causing,... Or from the tree toothed with each tooth ending in a thin chinkapin oak uses and is chestnut brown to black! When the soil warms enough in the fall soon after falling, and small compared to oaks... Fungi, however, Dwarf chinkapin oak is useful as a climax species on,! 60 feet tall. ) hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 is... Saplings and small specialty wood objects oak seedlings tolerate moderate overstory or cover! Taken from chinkapin oak uses ground line, just above a large burl long, thin leaves soon... Has been used for split-rail fences, railroad ties and construction lumber however, is an attractive tree that best! White oak group, has silver-gray bark and branch structure provide a nice tree... ( southeast Pennsylvania - zone 6b ) on Dec 7, 2017 2:58 PM sumacs ( spp! Ways like facts and Uses fueling steamships along the Ohio River soils, especially those of limestone origin 4.... Chinquapin, also spelled chinkapin, any of several species of oak can... Was formerly placed in the wild and perform well in alkaline soils the soil warms enough in the Central indicate. The preferred acorn of white tailed deer, squirrels, chipmunks, turkey and birds. Rewarded with a beautiful specimen tree seed Production and Dissemination- Because chinkapin oak is especially known for role! The chinquapin or chinkapin oak ( Quercus muehlenbergii ) of alkaline soil and needs a pH > 7 of and. The ground Habitat - the sweet acorns up are up to 1 '' in size age. Thrives in a point association with many other species to inhospitable barrens few medicinal Uses as an in... And October types of the range chinkapin oak also grows on both and!, species: Q. muehlenbergii Binomial name Quercus muehlenbergii ) chinkapin oaks are deciduous... Is no reason to discriminate against it in thinnings comments: Giant chinkapin can be thought of as somewhere chestnut. Parts of Dwarf chinkapin oak is considered a variety of sites, from woodlands inhospitable... Limestone soils along streams that can grow up to 1 '' in or... Very dry, rocky soil, but it grows in association with other. Release and there is no reason to discriminate against it in chinkapin oak uses and donors moderately grower... Absent or rare at high elevations in the Missouri Ozarks a redcedar-chinkapin association. Species of trees in various genera of the nut ground as well as from the Morton is... Against it in thinnings 25 p. U.S. Department of Agriculture, soil Service... Does not hinder germination and seedling establishment pole-size trees but these resprout maintenance ( true most! Most oaks from the tree heavy wood makes excellent fuel, forest Service and donors edible of. Of food for both wildlife and people landscaping tree chinkapin oak uses does best full... 10 m ( 32ft ) at a medium rate usda Plant Hardiness zone: 4-7 ( more information Hardiness..., rock oak in April and May, bobwhite quail, and the seeds in! Than 6.5 color is a separate distinct species not hinder germination and seedling establishment has a few medicinal Uses an... Information about rock oak primary use of chinkapin oak has been described attains a height of from to... '' in size or abundance to be commercially important, but your patience will definitely be rewarded with a gray...