The Executive Council (EC) implements Congress decisions. The Secretariat, headed by a secretary-general appointed by the congress for a four-year term, serves as the administrative centre of the organization. [3] Proposals to reform the status and structure of the IMO culminated in the World Meteorological Convention of 1947, which formally established the World Meteorological Organization. The member states are:[25], Region III consists of the states of South America, including France as French Guiana is an overseas region of France. The purposes of the Organization shall be: (a) To facilitate worldwide cooperation in the establishment of networks of stations for the making of meteorological observations or other … WCRP was established in 1980 under the joint sponsorship of the International Science Council (ISC) (previously the International Council for Science (ICSU), until July 2018) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).In 1993 the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO also became a sponsor. PART I - ESTABLISHMENT [] ARTICLE 1 []. "[12], The World Meteorological Day is held annually on 23 March.[13]. History. Under the provisional designation "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" until 2019. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations dedicated to meteorology (weather), climatology (climate), operational hydrology (water) and other related geophysical sciences such as oceanography and atmospheric chemistry. World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said that the planet has endured what may have been the hottest July in history. Ten United Nations member states are not members of WMO: Equatorial Guinea, Grenada, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and San Marino. It has 50 member states:[29]. In his presentation speech, the Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee said that, for a long time, there had been great doubt about whether global warming was man-made but that, thanks to the IPCC, there was very little such doubt today. Moreover, relationships between IMO and the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Telecommunication Union and the International Ice Patrol had been discussed, too. Vatican City and State of Palestine and the states with limited recognition are not members of either organization. Newer WMO code forms are designed for portability, extensibility and universality. The International Meteorological Organization (IMO), as a non-governmental organization, served the cause of international meteorology well for about three-quarters of a century and that governments and meteorologists alike were generally well satisfied with such an arrangement. A quick glance back at the State of the Climate in 2020, one of the 3 warmest years on record, with extreme weather and many climate change impacts. [5][6] It also collaborates with nongovernmental partners and other international organizations on matters related to environmental protection, climate change, resource manager, and socioeconomic development. ), Region I consists of the states of Africa and a few former colonial powers. The integration of reliable information in socio-economic decision-making was a prerequisite for sustainable development. “We are concerned about the impact on the ability of our Members to deliver their basic weather and climate services”, said Lars Peter Riishojgaard, … This global web site presents OFFICIAL weather forecasts and climatological information for selected cities supplied by National Meteorological & Hydrological Services worldwide. Cook Islands and Niue are WMO Members but non-members of the United Nations. WMO states that "the International System of Units (SI) should be used as the system of units for the evaluation of meteorological elements included in reports for international exchange. The IPCC Secretariat is hosted at WMO Headquarters. Papers of Francis W. Reichelderfer, 1918-1983 (bulk 1939-1967). Sustainable Development Summit adopts sustainable development goals and 2030 agenda, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report published, Small Island Developing States Conference focuses on building weather and climate resilience among SIDS, 25 years Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) anniversary, WMO Conference on Gender Dimensions of Weather and Climate Services, The World Weather Open Science Conference, High-level meeting on National Drought Policy, hosted by WMO, IBCS-1 established its Partner Advisory Committee (PAC), World Climate Conference-3 builds on the legacy of the First and Second World Climate Conferences in 1979 and 1990, WMO-UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, jointly with Mr Al Gore, former US Vice-President and environmental campaigner, Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Launch of International Polar Year 2007-2008 co-sponsored by the International Council for Science and WMO, International Conference on Secure and Sustainable Living: Social and Economic Benefits of Weather, Climate and Water Services (Madrid, Spain), Antarctic ozone hole most serious on record, First World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Kobe, Japan), International Meeting to Review the Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (Mauritius), Secretariat of the international Group of Earth Observations established in the WMO Secretariat, Second Technical Conference on the Participation of Women in Meteorology and Hydrology (Geneva), Launch of Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Programme, WMO Space Programme and Programme for the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) (under Technical Cooperation Programme), World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, South Africa), Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Inauguration of new WMO Headquarters in Geneva, Kyoto Conference establishes target and timetable for reducing greenhouse-gas emissions, International Meeting on the Participation of Women in Meteorology and Hydrology (Bangkok, Thailand), Climate Information and Prediction Services (CLIPS) established, Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Foundation stone of WMO new Headquarters building laid, First World Conference on Disaster Reduction, United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), International Conference on Water and the Environment (Dublin, Ireland), First meeting of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, Second World Climate Conference initiates the Global Climate Observing System, International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction begins, First Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Global Atmosphere Watch established to monitor atmospheric composition, WMO and UNEP initiate the process which leads to negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, WMO/UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change established, Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer, WMO long-term planning process established, First World Climate Conference, leading to the establishment of the WMO World Climate Programme, Global Weather Experiment and Monsoon Experiments under the Global Atmospheric Research Programme, Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS) established jointly by WMO and the International Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), WMO conducts first international assessment of the state of global ozone, WMO activities in the field of operational hydrology designated as the WMO Operational Hydrology Programme, Tropical Cyclone Project established, later upgraded to Tropical Cyclone Programme, Launch of International Geophysical Year 1957-1958, WMO becomes a specialized agency of the United Nations. The WMO is made up of 193 countries and territories, and facilitates the "free and unrestricted" exchange of data, information, and research between the respective meteorological and hydrological institutions of its members. Established in 1950, WMO became the specialized agency of the United Nations in 1951 for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences. A total of ten member states have membership in more than one region. The year 2016 was the hottest year on record, with many weather and climate extremes, according to the most recent WMO report. In the past, confusion and false rumors have arisenwhen storm advisories broadcast from radio stations were mistaken for warningsconcerning an entirely diffe… One year later, WMO became a United Nations specialized agency and, today, WMO Member States and Territories number 193. UN: World could hit 1.5-degree warming threshold in 5 years 09 Jul, 2020, 04.15 PM IST. The Secretariat is an eight-department organization with a staff of 200 headed by a Secretary-General, who can serve a maximum of two four-year terms. “The confirmation by the World Meteorological Organization that 2020 was one of the warmest years on record is yet another stark reminder of the relentless pace of climate change, which is destroying lives and livelihoods across our planet”, said Secretary-General António Guterres.He pointed out that at 1.2 degrees of warming above pre-industrial levels, the world … A 36-member Executive Council meets annually and implements policy. The Organization is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.. The six WMO Member Territories are the British Caribbean Territories (joint meteorological organization and membership),[22] French Polynesia, Hong Kong, Macau, Curaçao and Sint Maarten (joint meteorological service and membership)[22] and New Caledonia. The Congress is led by an Executive Council led by the President, currently Gerhard Adrian of Germany.[8]. But the issue of greatest importance to IMO after the war was its status and structure. © 2021 World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Celebrating 70 Years of Progress in Weather, Climate and Water, about Celebrating 70 Years of Progress in Weather, Climate and Water, Extraordinary World Meteorological Congress establishes the Intergovernmental Board on Climate Services, World Hydrological Cycle Observing System, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, One_hundred_years_of_international_co-operation_in_meteorology_1873-1973.png, One hundred years of international co-operation in meteorology (1873-1973): a historical review, Forty years of progress and achievement: a historical review of WMO, 60_years_of_service_for_your_safety_and_well-being.png, 60 years of service for your safety and well-being, Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction adopts Sendai framework, U.N. The joint winners of the Nobel Peace Prize Award in 2007—the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Al Gore, former Vice-President of the USA and environmental campaigner—was announced on 12 October 2007. Role Title Holding Repository; referencedIn: Reichelderfer, Francis W. (Francis Wilton), 1895-1983. The International Meteorological Organization (IMO) finds its origins in the 1873 Vienna International Meteorological Congress, which tasked a Permanent Meteorological Committee to draft the rules and statutes of an international meteorological organization to facilitate the exchange of weather information across national borders. The award ceremony took place at Oslo City Hall, Norway on 10 December 2007 in the presence of the King and Queen of Norway. The member states are:[27], Region V consists of 21 member states and 2 member territories. The Nobel Peace Prize award ceremony takes place on 10 December every year—the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death. "[14] The following units, which include units which are not SI units, are recommended by the WMO for meteorological observations: As of May 2019, WMO Members include a total of 187 Member States and 6 Member Territories.[22]. The Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), The WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Kingdom (Regions I, IV, V, and VI), United States of America (Regions IV and V), This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 04:56. WMO history WMO originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873. The First World Meteorological Congress (Cg-I) in 1951 established technical commissions including the Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology … But the history of international cooperation in meteorology dates back much earlier than 1950. It replaced the International Meteorological Organization, which was … Some further progress was, however, possible - even during this difficult period - as the Secretariat was transferred to a neutral country, Switzerland, in 1939, shortly after the Berlin meeting. He also expressed his gratitude to WMO and UNEP, the co-sponsors of IPCC, for their support. Since its [11], In keeping with its mandate to promote the standardization of meteorological observations, the WMO maintains numerous code forms for the representation and exchange of meteorological, oceanographical, and hydrological data. History of WMO The establishment of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in March 1950, following the entry into force of its Convention, and the designation of WMO in 1951 as a specialized agency of the United Nations, heralded a new era for international cooperation in the field of meteorology, hydrology and related geophysical sciences. By 1939, a draft of a new World Meteorological Convention (the Berlin Draft) had been prepared but further action on its approval was inevitably delayed by World War II. It has a total of 13 member states and no member territories:[26], Region IV consists of the states of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean, including three European states with dependencies within the region. The World Meteorological Congress, which consists of representatives of all 185 members, meets at least every four years to set general policy and adopt regulations. The use of easily remembered names greatly reduces confusionwhen two or moretropical storms occur at the same time. The late Prof. G.O.P. 2300, CH-1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland; it is an update of "World Meteo- rological Organization (WMO) 1989-1990," Ocean Yearbook 9, ed. History of WMO. The latest data from the World Meteorological Organization shows the month of July "at least equalled if not surpassed the hottest month in recorded history" — and it … The traditional code forms, such as SYNOP, CLIMAT and TEMP, are character-based and their coding is position-based. World Meteorological Organization. The Chairman of the IPCC, Rajendra Pachauri, received the award on behalf of the Panel and gave a lecture, in which he paid tribute to the thousands of experts and scientists who have contributed to the work of the Panel over almost two decades of evolution and service to humanity. The establishment of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in March 1950, following the entry into force of its Convention, and the designation of WMO in 1951 as a specialized agency of the United Nations, heralded a new era for international cooperation in the field of meteorology, hydrology and related geophysical sciences. Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Nor- ton … 2020 set to be one of the 3 warmest years on record The past decade was hottest in human history. These are BUFR, CREX, and, for gridded geo-positioned data, GRIB. 8 - Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization – Geneva – Switzerland - 2006, "UN report: Covid crisis does little to slow climate change", "International Meteorological Organization (IMO) Prize", "Norbert Gerbier-Mumm International Award", "WMO Research Award for Young Scientists", "Members of Regional Association I (Africa)", "Members of Regional Association II (Asia)", "Members of Regional Association III (South America)", "Members of Regional Association IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean)", "Members of Regional Association V (South-West Pacific)", "Members of Regional Association IV (Europe)", "International List of Selected, Supplementary and Auxiliary Ships", International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set, Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Mandela Rules), Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, UN Advisory Committee of Local Authorities, Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, World Federation of United Nations Associations, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, Mozambique National Institute of Meteorology, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Argentina), Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (Colombia), Instituto Nacional de Sismología, Vulcanología, Meteorología e Hidrología, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología (Ecuador), National Center for Hydrology and Meteorology, Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency, State Hydro-Meteorological Administration, Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, Institute of Seismology and Atmospheric Physics, National Center for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting, Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics, Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service, Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre, Hydrometeorological Institute of Montenegro, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, Republic Hydrometeorological Institute of Serbia, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=World_Meteorological_Organization&oldid=996536217, International climate change organizations, United Nations organizations based in Geneva, Scientific organisations based in Switzerland, Environmental organizations established in 1950, Scientific organizations established in 1950, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [4] The Convention entered into force on 23 March 1950, and the following year the WMO began operations as an intergovernmental organization within the UN system. Towards the mid-1930s, however, it was becoming increasingly evident, at least to most meteorologists, that such a status for the focal point of international meteorology was incompatible with the importance which meteorology was at that time in the context of the vast economic and technological developments being made. The World Meteorological Organization (hereinafter called the Organization) is hereby established.. PART II [] ARTICLE 2 - PURPOSES []. Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre, https://public.wmo.int/en/about-us/secretariat, https://library.wmo.int/doc_num.php?explnum_id=10076, https://public.wmo.int/en/resources/wmo-building-conference-centre, http://library.wmo.int/pmb_ged/wmo_1161_en.pdf, https://public.wmo.int/en/media/press-release/climate-breaks-multiple-records-2016-global-impacts, https://public.wmo.int/en/about-us/members, World Meteorological Organization - Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation - Preliminary seventh edition - WMO-No. The WMO was established by the Convention of the World Meteorological Organization, signed 11 October 1947 and ratified on 23 March 1950. Both the quantity and quality of weather observations and forecasts, as well as atmospheric and climate monitoring are at stake, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in Geneva. Dr Randall Cerveny is a President’s Professor in Geographical Sciences who specializes in weather and climate in the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning at Arizona State University, USA. In a statement, Mr Jarraud said that the honour reinforced the need to integrate science and its findings on climate change into the political decision-making process with respect to global warming. Two nations are members to four different regions, while eight are members of two regions. At the same time, the Com, The Secretary of the IPCC, Renate Christ, holding the Nobel Prize Diploma, with (from right to left), Michel Jarraud, Former Secretary-General of WMO 04-15; Mostafa Tolba, former Executive Director of UNEP; and Yuri Izrael, Vice-Chair of IPCC. Thus, ICAeM became the first inter-governmental body in meteorology and its experience influenced the transformation of IMO after the World War II into the inter-governmental World Meteorological Organization (WMO). It also provides information on long-term climate change indicators including atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, sea level rise, and sea ice extent. Obasi, former Secretary-General of WMO, and Dr Tolba provided the inspiration and leadership which culminated in the establishment of the IPCC by the two Organizations in 1988. The changed – and exciting – meteorological world which existed after the war was evident in the agenda for the Conference of Directors meeting which took place in Washington in September 1947. The establishment of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in March 1950, following the entry into force of its Convention, and the designation of WMO in 1951 as a specialized agency of the United Nations, heralded a new era for international cooperation in the field of meteorology, hydrology and related geophysical sciences. [10], As of August 2020, the WMO has a membership of 193 member states and territories. For other uses, see, Region IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean), States with membership in more than one region. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for promoting international cooperation on atmospheric science, climatology, hydrology and geophysics. European heat wave shattered all-time records in July. Endeavours to resolve the matter began as early as February 1946, when the Conference of Directors asked the International Meteorological Committee to prepare a new IMO constitution, which would make the Organization an inter-governmental body. (List of all members with admission dates. [citation needed], In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a joint creation of the WMO and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) received the Nobel Peace Prize "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about anthropogenic (man-made) climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change. It was found that the world concentration of three types of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, which cause global warming, was the highest in the history of observation last year. The World Meteorological Organization has had five Secretaries-General since 1952 - Michel Jarraud (1 January 2004 to 31 December 2015), Godwin Olu Patrick Obasi (1 January 1984 to 31 December 2003), Aksel C. Wiin-Nielsen (1 January 1980 to 31 December 1983),  David Arthur Davies (1 January 1956 to 31 December 1979), Gustav Swoboda (1 January 1952 to 31 December 1955). In World Meteorological Organization …WMO was preceded by the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), a nongovernmental organization of the heads of various national weather services founded in 1873. They were chosen for “their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change". The WMO is a founding organization of the IPCC. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations and is the UN’s authoritative voice on the state and behavior of the Earth’s atmosphere, its interactions with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources.. Place on 10 December every year—the anniversary of Alfred Nobel 's death four different regions, while eight members... Meteorological Congress, its supreme body, is David Grimes Organization ( IMO ) Region! 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The states with limited recognition are not members of either Organization weather climate... A founding Organization of the purposes of WMO also attended, as did Mostafa Tolba, former Executive of. For exchanging weather data and research consists of 21 member states and territories 04.15 IST! To the most recent WMO report was established by the President, Gerhard. Year on record, with their regions, while eight are members of regions...